Research Reports and Papers

The National Dropout Prevention Center makes selected major research reports available online.



Rural Dropout Prevention Resources
The National Dropout Prevention Center is pleased to offer a collection of films, tools, webinars, slide presentations, and articles that are designed specifically to assist practitioners who work to improve graduation rates in rural schools and communities. We invite you to review these resources and utilize them to support your work.




Weaving Student Engagement Into the Core Practices of Schoolsstudent-engagement-150x200

T. Dary, T. Pickeral, R. Shumer, & A. Williams. National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. Clemson, SC, September 2016.






rwf-thumbnail-150x200Improving High School Graduation Rates Among Males of Color

Addis, S., & Withington, C. (2016, September). Improving high school graduate rates for males of color: Trends, findings, and recommendations (An Issue Brief in Collaboration with The Moriah Group and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation). Retrieved from





reports.meta150x200A Meta-Analysis of Dropout Prevention Outcomes and Strategies

(A Technical Report in Collaboration with The Center for Educational Partnerships at Old Dominion University). S. L. Chappell, P. O’Connor, C. Withington, & D. A. Stegelin. Clemson, SC: National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. April 2015.






research.twoversions150x200Programs of Study as a State Policy Mandate: A Longitudinal Study of the South Carolina Personal Pathways to Success Initiative–Final Technical Report: Major Findings and Implications

C. Hammond, S. F. Drew, C. Withington, C. Griffith, C. M. Swiger, C. Mobley, J. L. Sharp, S. Stringfield, N. Stipanovic, & L. Daugherty: National Research Center for Career and Technical Education, Louisville, KY, April 2013.





reports.ruralschools150x200Rural School Dropout Issues: Implications for Dropout Prevention—Strategies and Programs   pdf
Smink & M. Reimer: National Dropout Prevention Center/Network. June 2009.

This NDPC/N report was prepared for the Gilmore Foundation, Amory, MS.  It provides a brief overview of national dropout issues— both data and risk factors, with emphasis on those in rural areas—and then focuses on the particular factors that have the greatest impact on students in Mississippi,  presenting the critical challenges for rural areas; and recommending strategies and programs to address the issues discussed.





 research.exemplaryprograms150x200Dropout Risk Factors and Exemplary Programs: A Technical Report

C. Hammond, J. Smink, & S. Drew: National Dropout Prevention Center. D. Linton: Communities In Schools, Inc. May 2007.

This study, conducted by NDPC/N, and sponsored by Communities In Schools Inc., finds that there are multiple risk factors which increase the likelihood that students will drop out. The evidence clearly shows that dropout is often the result of a long process of disengagement that sometimes begins before the child enrolls in kindergarten. The report also provides information on 50 programs that were found to be effective in addressing these risk factors.